South African Xhosa Hut

Xhosa huts are beehive shaped huts with cone roofs known as Rondewels. The walls are made with clay and earth and the roof with grass thatch held together with a wooden brace.

A Xhosa family homestead was known as an umzi (pl. imizi ), and several adjoining imizi formed a village. An umzi generally housed an extended family, including the head of the family; his wives, children, and aging parents; his married sons and their families; and his unmarried daughters. The huts faced east, toward the sun, and stood in a semicircle around the main focus of their communal existence, the kraal. In the case of a man rich in cattle, who had more than than one wife, each wife had a household of perhaps three huts: a main hut for living and cooking, a second hut for children and visitors, and a third as a storeroom.

Source: Xhosa –

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